By Anatole V. Lyovin
Targeted in scope, An creation to the Languages of the World introduces linguistics scholars to the range of world's languages. scholars will achieve familiarity with thoughts akin to sound switch, lexical borrowing, diglossia, and language diffusion, and the wealthy number of linguistic constitution in note order, morphological forms, grammatical kinfolk, gender, inflection, and derivation. It deals the chance to discover constructions of various and engaging languages inspite of no previous acquaintance. A bankruptcy is dedicated to every of the world's continents, with in-depth analyses of consultant languages of Europe, Asia, Africa, Oceania, and the US, and separate chapters disguise writing platforms and pidgins and creoles. each one bankruptcy includes routines and proposals for additional examining. New to this variation are 11 unique maps in addition to sections on signal languages and language dying and revitalization. For higher clarity, easy language proof at the moment are geared up in tables, and language samples stick to overseas criteria for phonetic transcription and word-by-word glossing.
There is an instructor's handbook to be had for registered teachers at the book's better half website.
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This publication describes the ancient emergence and unfold of the to-infinitive in English. The exposition is apparent and doesn't suppose an up to date wisdom of generative thought. The ebook will entice the extensive spectrum of students attracted to the transformation of outdated to heart English in addition to to these learning the procedures and reasons of syntactic swap extra usually.
Special in scope, An creation to the Languages of the area introduces linguistics scholars to the diversity of world's languages. scholars will achieve familiarity with suggestions corresponding to sound switch, lexical borrowing, diglossia, and language diffusion, and the wealthy number of linguistic constitution in be aware order, morphological varieties, grammatical kin, gender, inflection, and derivation.
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Additional resources for An introduction to the languages of the world
The low line “_” in “be_able” stands in for a space when multiple words are needed in an English gloss. An actual space might mislead the reader into thinking that “be” and “able” gloss two separate Yupʼik words. The double-hyphen “=” connects clitics to their host. A clitic is a morpheme that behaves in many respects like a free word, but forms a phonological unit with some other word. b. Angutem neraa neqa. ’ erg = ergative case, which marks the subject of transitive verbs. e. one that takes a direct object (here, [nəqa] ‘fish’).
He also proposed counting affixes per word, broken down by their function. g. plural cats vs. g. past walked vs. present walk). g. walker vs. walk and catty vs. cat). An additional count he suggested was to separately report the average numbers of prefixes and suffixes per word. Greenberg’s results showed that Vietnamese has a fairly high compounding index, but its affix indices are all zero. Prefixes were relatively rare in the languages he looked at, with some languages showing no prefixes at all –even Eskimo, which has an unusually large number of morphemes per word.
The term clade is used to refer to a language and all its descendants. 2, Proto–Northwest Germanic and its children Proto–West Germanic and Proto–North Germanic, as well as all of their children down to their modern languages German, Yiddish, Dutch, and so forth, constitute a clade. When a clade descends from a language whose name starts with proto‑, the clade can be conveniently named by dropping the prefix: the clade just described is called Northwest Germanic. The term branch refers to a clade from the perspective of its parent; thus Northwest Germanic is a branch of the Germanic clade.