Download An Environmental History of Ancient Greece and Rome by Lukas Thommen PDF

By Lukas Thommen

In old Greece and Rome an ambiguous courting constructed among guy and nature, and this decisively decided the way during which they taken care of the surroundings. at the one hand, nature was once conceived as an area characterised and inhabited by means of divine powers, which deserved acceptable recognize. at the different, a rationalist view emerged, in response to which people have been to subdue nature utilizing their applied sciences and to do away with its assets. This ebook systematically describes the ways that the Greeks and Romans intervened within the setting and hence lines the heritage of the stress among the exploitation of assets and the security of nature, from early Greece to the interval of past due antiquity. whilst it analyses the great establishing up of the Mediterranean and the northern frontier areas, either for payment and for fiscal job. The book's point and method make it hugely available to scholars and non-specialists.

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49 6 Screening Assays for Measuring AR Agonist and Antagonist Activities of Environmental Chemicals . . . . . . Ligand Binding . . . . . . . . . . . . . DNA Binding and Transcriptional Activation Assays . . . N/C Interaction Assay . . . . . . . . . . . In Vivo Assays . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 . . . . . . . . . . . 45 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 . . . . . . . . . . . 45 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 47 48 48 54 54 55 55 58 The Handbook of Environmental Chemistry Vol. 3, Part L Endocrine Disruptors, Part I (ed. by M. R. M. Wilson 7 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 8 References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 List of Abbreviations AR DDT DHT ED EDSP EDSTAC androgen receptor 1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane 5a-dihydrotestosterone endocrine disruptor EPA Endocrine Disruptor Screening Program Endocrine Disruptor Screening and Testing Advisory Committee EPA US Environmental Protection Agency HPTE 2,2-bis(p-hydroxyphenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane M1 {2-[(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-carbamoyl]oxy}-2-methyl-3-butenoic acid M2 3,5-dichloro-2-hydroxy-2-methylbut-3-enanilide methoxychlor 2,2-bis(p-methoxyphenyl)-1,1,1-trichloroethane MPA medroxyprogesterone acetate N/C AR NH2-/carboxyl-terminal OECD Office of Economic Cooperation and Development p,p¢-DDE 1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene procymidone N-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-1,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1,2-dicarboximide R1881 methyltrienolone US United States vinclozolin 3-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-5-methyl-5-vinyloxazolidine-2,4-dione 1 Introduction and Background Chemicals enter the environment through a number of routes, the most prevalent being from the use of pesticides, herbicides, and fungicides and from waste water.

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