By Jay Shankar Singh, Gamini Seneviratne
This two-volume paintings is a testomony to the expanding curiosity within the function of microbes in sustainable agriculture and foodstuff protection. Advances in microbial applied sciences are explored in chapters facing subject matters reminiscent of plant-microbe interactions, rhizoremediation and cyanoremediation, and bio-immobilization. quantity II is a suite of analysis findings that invitations readers to check the appliance of microbes in toxins aid, decontamination of agro- and aquatic ecosystems, and remediation of assorted poisonous compounds. hugely readable entries try and shut the data hole among soil microbial institutions and sustainable agriculture.
conventional agricultural administration strategies have relied seriously on software of chemical fertilizers and insecticides; and up to date land use switch practices have resulted in over exploitation of typical assets. concepts defined the following simplify a sophisticated photo of ways microbial groups can enhance the standard of setting and dispose of nutrients shortage within the coming generations. This paintings is an important contribution to investigate during this more and more vital self-discipline of soil sciences, and may entice researchers in microbiology, agriculture, environmental sciences, and soil and crop sciences.
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Additional info for Agro-Environmental Sustainability: Volume 2: Managing Environmental Pollution
1977; Schuetz et al. 2003; Smith and Dalton 2004). The enzymes can transform C1-C8 n-alkanes into 1- and 2-alcohols, terminal alkenes into 1,2-epoxides and diethyl ether into ethanol/ethanal (Colby et al. 1977). Alkanes are hydroxylated mostly at the terminal and sub-terminal positions, while ring hydroxylation of aromatics occurs primarily at the meta position. The sMMO oxygenates alkenes to epoxides with retention of stereochemistry around the C=C double bond (Smith and Murrell 2009). Chlorinated compounds that are degradable by MMOs include chloroform (Alvarez-Cohen and McCarty 1991a), trichloroethylene (Alvarez-Cohen and McCarty 1991a, b; Henry and Grbic-Galic 1990, 1991; Koh et al.
Methanotrophs can directly or indirectly participate in denitrification, especially in wastewater treatment systems. Modern wastewater treatment systems frequently supplement with costly external carbon sources, such as methanol, to achieve more stringent N discharge limits (Strong et al. 2011). Using methane as a low-cost carbon source to facilitate denitrification would be highly beneficial (Modin et al. 2007). Incorporating methane into the denitrification process was suggested by various researchers in the 1970s (Harremoes and Henze Christensen 1971; Davies 1973; Mason 1977), and four decades later, there have been striking discoveries and substantial progress regarding this coupled process.
Di Pula, Italy Chang WK, Criddle C (1995) Biotransformation of HCFC-22, HCFC-142b, HCFC-123, and HFC- 134a by methanotrophic mixed culture MM1. Biodegradation 6(1):1–9 2 Methanotrophs: Methane Mitigation, Denitrification and Bioremediation 35 Chanton JP (2005) The effect of gas transport on the isotope signature of methane in wetlands. Org Geochem 36(5):753–768 Chistoserdova L, Vorholt JA, Lidstrom ME (2005) A genomic view of methane oxidation by aerobic bacteria and anaerobic archaea. Genome Biol 6(2):208 Colby J, Stirling D, Dalton H (1977) The soluble methane monooxygenase of Methylococcus capsulatus (Bath): its ability to oxygenate n-alkanes, n-alkenes, ethers, and acyclic, aromatic and heterocyclic compounds.