By Winfred P. Lehmann
Copyright 1967 Indiana collage Press
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Extra resources for A Reader in Nineteenth Century Historical Indo-European Linguistics
Analogous modifications of the s to r are also easily found; especially Latin preferred the r, which is however always to be understood as the younger form. Alternation of the spirants v (digamma), (584)s and h is demonstrated by hespéra, vespera; heptá, for septem; hus; sus; hérp ; serpo; hekurós, socer; hupó, sub; sas, sâ (Skt. isea), Gk ho, h Goth. sa, sô; háls, sal; sasa, (Skt. , Lat. anser is found for hanser (Skt. hamsa, cignus), odiumfor hodium(Goth. hatis), éar Lat. ver, and the Gk ídmen(Skt.
In the labial, lingual and guttural sounds, the Gothic (Saxon, Frisian, Northern) tenues correspond to the High German aspirates; the Gothic mediae to the High German tenues; and the Gothic aspirates to the High German mediae. The particulars may be expressed as follows: | Goth. P. B. F. | T. | OHG F. P. B,(V) | Z. D. þ | K. G. T. D. | K. G. CH. 1 There is no doubt that the High German situation must be viewed here as the later,  the changed, and the 54 Gothic (Saxon, Frisian, Northern) as the earlier.
His Germanic Grammar is still the most complete one we have. The large German dictionary, recently completed, was inaugurated by him and his brother, Wilhelm (1786-1859). His work in other fields: medieval literature, law, mythology, folklore, is as fundamental as his work in linguistics. After studying law at Marburg he held small government posts, which brought him at various times to Paris and Vienna. In 1817 he was appointed professor and librarian at Göttingen. Here he lectured in his areas of interest until 1837, when with six other professors he protested against the King of Hanover's abrogation of the constitution, and was dismissed.