Download A History of Wales 1906-2000 (University of Wales Press - by D. Gareth Evans PDF

By D. Gareth Evans

This article goals to hide 4 major region of switch through the twentieth century: the political scene, social adjustments, financial advancements and tradition and academic good points. The ebook is split into major chronological sections: the 1st half examines the interval from 1900-1945; whereas the second one lines the alterations in Welsh background from 1945 to 2000. each one bankruptcy is sub-divided to make examining more uncomplicated.

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Additional resources for A History of Wales 1906-2000 (University of Wales Press - Histories of Wales)

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7 cwt. respectively. A central cause of this divergence was the extent to which mechanization was applied to productive methods. In 1913, whereas the proportion of total output cut mechanically in British coalfields was 8 per cent, the figures for 1937 in Germany, Holland and Poland were 83 per cent, 75 per cent and 67 per cent respectively. The geological conditions in south Wales were largely unsuitable for the cutting machines which were then available. The overriding geological characteristic of the coalfield was that it was much more disturbed and much less stable than other coalfields.

These, and a myriad other instances, demonstrate the intervention of government during these critical years. A third important feature of the war years was the development of manufacturing industries. At its height, the war had pulled the Welsh economy into a largely unfamiliar mould. From 1939 to 1944 there was an increase in the labour supply in chemicals, paints and oils from 4,000 to 69,000; in engineering from 11,000 to 48,000; and in vehicle construction from 7,000 to 30,000. Before the war 40 per cent of the insured population of Economic Activity and Change 35 Wales had been employed in the traditional heavy industries of coal mining, iron and steel, but by 1946 that proportion had receded to 32 per cent.

These were the industrial communities which had a uniquely high proportion of the working population engaged in extractive industries, such as mining and quarrying. The coal industry: The 1921 Occupational Census showed that 43 per cent of the occupied male population were engaged in two (out of twenty-six) occupational groups – Mining and Quarrying, and Metal Manufacturing and Engineering. If others engaged in Transportation and Agriculture (who were largely dependent upon these two dominant occupational groups) are added to the overall figure, then over a half of the occupied male population would be accounted for.

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