By Robert C. Woosnam-Savage, Glasgow Museums, National Army Museum
1745: Charles Edward Stuart and the Jacobites
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Additional resources for 1745: Charles Edward Stuart and the Jacobites
Vikings on a Raiding Expedition Scandinavian boat-building skills were in advance of anything known in Britain. People were terrified by these large, fast boats with their intimidating figureheads, which sailed up the Thames and along the coasts. Anglo-Saxon Calendar These scenes from a chronicle of seasons, made just before the Norman invasion, show life in late Anglo- Saxon Britain. At first people lived in small farming communities, but by the 7th century towns began to spring up and trade increased.
Designs change to reflect the fashion of the time and the introduction of new plants. Medieval gardens usually had a herber (a turfed sitting area) and a vine arbour. A good reconstruction is Queen Eleanor’s Garden, Winchester. Tudor gardens featured edged borders and sometimes mazes. The Tudor House Garden, Southampton, also has beehives and heraldic statues. A P O R T R A I T O F G R E AT B R I TA I N Herbaceous borders, full of lush plants, are the glory of the summer garden. Gertrude Jekyll (1843 –1932), was high priestess of the mixed border, with her eye for seductive colour combinations.
Castlerigg Stone Circle is one of Britain’s earliest Neolithic monuments (see p365). Uffington White Horse Thought to be 3,000 years old, the shape has to be “scoured” to keep grass at bay (see p225). A chalk figure, thought to be a fertility goddess, was found at Grimes Graves (see p198). This bronze Celtic helmet (50 BC) was found in the River Thames, London. Stonehenge was begun around 3,500 years ago (see pp266–7). 1650–1200 Wessex is at the hub of trading routes between Europe and the mines of Cornwall, Wales and Ireland 2500 Temples, or henges, are built of wood or stone 3000 BC 2500 BC 2100–1650 The Bronze Age reaches Britain.